Clouded Judgement 7.23.21

Every week I’ll provide updates on the latest trends in cloud software companies. Follow along to stay up to date!

Highlight of the Week - Zoom Agrees to Acquire Five9 for $14.7B

This is Zoom’s first large M&A deal and is quite the splash. The transaction is an all stock deal (Five9 shareholders will receive 0.5533 shares of Zoom stock for each Five9 share). So the headline purchase price of $14.7B can change from now until the acquisition closes (which is expected in the first half of 2022). Zoom released a presentation on the acquisition you can find here. Two of my favorite slides are below:

Quarterly Reports Summary

This week kicked of Q2 earnings season! Qualtrics was the only company to report, their results are below

Top 10 EV / NTM Revenue Multiples

I should have SentinelOne consensus estimates by next week. They would certainly be top 10 (and top 5) given where they’re trading today

Top 10 Weekly Share Price Movement

Update on Multiples

SaaS businesses are valued on a multiple of their revenue - in most cases the projected revenue for the next 12 months. Multiples shown below are calculated by taking the Enterprise Value (market cap + debt - cash) / NTM revenue.

Overall Stats:

  • Overall Median: 16.1x

  • Top 5 Median: 52.2x

  • 3 Month Trailing Average: 15.5x

  • 1 Year Trailing Average: 15.6x

Bucketed by Growth. In the buckets below I consider high growth >30% projected NTM growth, mid growth 15%-30% and low growth <15%

  • High Growth Median: 27.8x

  • Mid Growth Median: 14.5x

  • Low Growth Median: 5.7x

Scatter Plot of EV / NTM Rev Multiple vs NTM Rev Growth

How correlated is growth to valuation multiple?

Growth Adjusted EV / NTM Rev

The below chart shows the EV / NTM revenue multiple divided by NTM consensus growth expectations. The goal of this graph is to show how relatively cheap / expensive each stock is relative to their growth expectations

Operating Metrics

  • Median NTM growth rate: 23%

  • Median LTM growth rate: 31%

  • Median Gross Margin: 74%

  • Median Operating Margin (14%)

  • Median FCF Margin: 9%

  • Median Net Retention: 118%

  • Median CAC Payback: 25 months

  • Median S&M % Revenue: 44%

  • Median R&D % Revenue: 25%

  • Median G&A % Revenue: 18%

Comps Output

Rule of 40 shows LTM growth rate + LTM FCF Margin. FCF calculated as Cash Flow from Operations - Capital Expenditures

GM Adjusted Payback is calculated as: (Previous Q S&M) / (Net New ARR in Q x Gross Margin) x 12 . It shows the number of months it takes for a SaaS business to payback their fully burdened CAC on a gross profit basis. Most public companies don’t report net new ARR, so I’m taking an implied ARR metric (quarterly subscription revenue x 4). Net new ARR is simply the ARR of the current quarter, minus the ARR of the previous quarter. Companies that do not disclose subscription rev have been left out of the analysis and are listed as NA.

This post and the information presented are intended for informational purposes only. The views expressed herein are the author’s alone and do not constitute an offer to sell, or a recommendation to purchase, or a solicitation of an offer to buy, any security, nor a recommendation for any investment product or service. While certain information contained herein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, neither the author nor any of his employers or their affiliates have independently verified this information, and its accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed. Accordingly, no representation or warranty, express or implied, is made as to, and no reliance should be placed on, the fairness, accuracy, timeliness or completeness of this information. The author and all employers and their affiliated persons assume no liability for this information and no obligation to update the information or analysis contained herein in the future.

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